Student Conduct and Discipline

Maintaining order and discipline is essential to creating a safe and effective learning environment.  General rules about student conduct are found in local school district policies and handbooks, while state and federal law creates a framework for student discipline decisions. The following are resources related to student conduct, drug and alcohol abuse, student discipline under Texas Education Code chapter 37, and gangs and violence.

Student Conduct
Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Student Discipline/Chapter 37
Firearms and School Violence

Student Conduct   

Related Policies

Your local school board policy manual contains TASB's (LEGAL) reference policies and board-adopted (LOCAL) policies. Your district may also have relevant administrative regulations.  For more information on student conduct, see district policy and regulations at the following codes:

FFFD Bicycle/Automobile Use
FN Student Rights and Responsibilities
FNC Student Conduct
FNCA Dress Code
FNCB Care of School Property
FNCE Personal Telecommunications/Electronic Devices

TASB Resources

  • TASB Legal Services’ Snapshot Truancy Guide provides a snapshot overview comparing truancy provisions in the Texas Education Code as they existed before the 2015-16 school year and with changes made from House Bill 2398, which was effective on September 1, 2015.
  • TASB Policy Service offers a Model Student Handbook, available online behind myTASB for members of Policy Service, which provides basic information on district policies and procedures for students and parents.

Other Resources

  • The First Amendment Center Clothing, Dress Codes and Uniforms Website provides information about the First Amendment ramifications of student dress code policies.
  • Texas Education Agency Office of Legal Services General Student FAQ’s answers frequently asked questions about dress codes and cell phones.

Drug and Alcohol Abuse   

Related Policies

For more information on drug and alcohol abuse, see district policy and regulations at the following codes:

FNCD Tobacco Use and Possession
FNCF Alcohol and Drug Use

TASB Resources

Other Resources

  • The U.S. Department of Education Office of Safe and Healthy Students provides links to programs and resources that provide helpful information for addressing drug and alcohol abuse in schools.
  • The U.S. National Institute of Health National Institute on Drug Abuse Parents & Teachers Website provides a number of resources that address the health effects and consequences of drug abuse, as well as teaching packets and other tools.
  • The Texas Department of State Health Services Drugs and Medical Devices Group Controlled Substance Scheduling for 2015 details the types of drugs that may be considered controlled substances for purposes of determining applicable criminal penalties and appropriate student discipline.

Student Discipline/Chapter 37   

Related Policies

For more information on student discipline and Chapter 37, see district policy and regulations at the following codes:

FO Student Discipline
FOA Removal by Teacher or Bus Driver
FOB Out-of-School Suspension
FOC Placement in a Disciplinary Alternative Education Setting
FOCA Disciplinary Alternative Education Program Operations
FOD Expulsion
FODA Juvenile Justice Alternative Education Program
FOE Emergency and Alternative Placement
FOF Students with Disabilities

TASB Resources

Other Resources

  • The Texas Education Agency (TEA) Chapter 37 – Safe Schools Website provides information on student discipline and links to discipline resources.
  • The TEA Discipline Data Products Website provides links to discipline reports, discipline action group summary reports, and assessment reports for students in disciplinary settings, available for the state, by region, and by district.
  • The TEA Student Attendance Accounting Handbook details the attendance accounting rules that districts must follow when reporting to TEA, including those that relate to disciplinary placements.
  • TEA Office of Legal Services General Student FAQ’s answers frequently asked questions about student discipline and corporal punishment.
  • The TEA PEIMS Data Standards Appendix E: Additional Information Related to Discipline provides information on documentation and discipline action reasons for reporting purposes.
  • The Texas Department of State Health Services Drugs and Medical Devices Group Controlled Substance Scheduling for 2016 details the types of drugs that may be considered controlled substances for purposes of determining applicable criminal penalties and appropriate student discipline.
  • The Texas Juvenile Justice Department Website provides information about juvenile probation services, local juvenile boards, statistics, juvenile justice alternative education programs (JJAEP), and related resources.
  • The U.S. Department of Education Seclusion and Restraint Website provides policies, guidelines, and related resources regarding the use of restraint and seclusion in public schools.

Firearms and School Violence   

Related Policies

For more information on gangs and violence, see district policy and regulations at the following codes:

FNCC Prohibited Organizations and Hazing
FNCG Weapons
FNCH Assaults
FNCI Disruptions

TASB Resources

Other Resources

  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Youth Violence Website provides information about youth violence, including risk factors, consequences, prevention strategies, and related resources.
  • The U.S. CDC Understanding School Violence Fact Sheet, issued in 2015, provides recommendations for reducing school violence.
  • The U.S. Department of Education Guidance Concerning State and Local Responsibilities Under the Gun-Free Schools Act provides information about the application of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act.
  • The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Community Oriented Policing (COPS) Gangs Tool Kit provides information for educators, law enforcement, and parents to address crimes committed by gangs and related resources.
  • The U.S. DOJ Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Anti-Gang Initiative provides facts about gangs, including a comprehensive anti-gang model, a gang reduction program, and related resources.
  • The Texas Attorney General (AG) Gangs and Community Response Website provides educators, parents, and law enforcement facts about gangs and programs to reduce gang activity, such as graffiti.
  • The U.S. DOJ Bureau of Justice Assistance G.R.E.A.T. Website provides information about a program conducted by law enforcement officers in elementary and middle schools to encourage gang resistance.
  • The Texas Juvenile Justice Department Website provides a searchable database of resources on the prevention of youth problems, such as gangs, delinquency, and violence.